# How do you multiply and divide negative scientific notation?

Multiplying and dividing negative scientific notation involves understanding the basic principles of arithmetic with negative numbers. When multiplying negative scientific notation, be sure to multiply the coefficients of the numbers together and add the exponents of the powers of 10. Remember that a negative multiplied by a negative results in a positive product.

When dividing negative scientific notation, you should divide the coefficients of the numbers and subtract the exponent of the divisor from the exponent of the dividend. Keep in mind that a negative divided by a negative yields a positive quotient. By applying these rules, you can confidently navigate multiplying and dividing negative scientific notation with ease.

When a person gets to grips with negative scientific notation, both multiplication and division become second nature. To set the ball rolling, let’s delve into what negative scientific notation is, followed by a detailed discussion on how multiplication and division come into play.

## Understanding Negative Scientific Notation

Negative scientific notation is used when dealing with very small numbers. A number given in scientific notation is composed of a coefficient and a 10 raised to a power. If a decimal number is smaller than 1, the power of 10 in scientific notation is negative. For example, 0.00066 in scientific notation is 6.6 x 10-4.

## Multiplying Negative Scientific Notation

When multiplying numbers in scientific notation, distinct steps should be followed. Here is how.

### Step 1: Multiply the Coefficients

Firstly, multiply the coefficients of the two numbers. For example, if you have (3 x 10-3) and (4 x 10-2), you should multiply 3 and 4 to get 12.

### Step 2: Add the Exponents

Next, add the exponents of 10. In this case, -3 added to -2 equals -5. Hence, the result would be 12 x 10-5.

## Dividing Negative Scientific Notation

Division in scientific notation is also a straightforward process, consisting of the following steps:

### Step 1: Divide the Coefficients

First, you divide the coefficient of the first number by the coefficient of the second number. If we have (8 x 10-5) divided by (4 x 10-2), you would get 2 after dividing 8 by 4.

### Step 2: Subtract the Exponents

Next, subtract the exponent of the denominator from the exponent of the numerator. -5 subtracted from -2 equals -3. Thus, the final answer would be 2 x 10-3.

In both multiplication and division, just remember to keep the rules of arithmetic in mind. When you’re adding and subtracting with negative numbers, recall that adding a negative is equivalent to subtracting a positive. Subtraction itself becomes the addition of the negative.

Mastering the multiplication and division of negative scientific notation requires regular practice. The concepts might seem tricky initially, but they get a lot easier with time. Keep working on different problems and understanding the patterns. You’ll soon have a handle on negative scientific notation, transforming what seemed to be a hugely complicated concept into a simple arithmetic task.

Multiplying and dividing negative scientific notation involves following the rules of multiplying and dividing values in scientific notation, while also paying attention to the negative signs and adjusting the exponents accordingly. It is important to be diligent and careful when working with negative scientific notation to ensure accurate calculations.