What are the 3 different applied social sciences?

Applied social sciences encompass a broad range of academic disciplines that aim to understand and address various social issues. The three main branches of applied social sciences are sociology, psychology, and anthropology. Sociology focuses on studying the structure, organization, and dynamics of societies, while psychology explores human behavior and mental processes. Anthropology delves into the study of human cultures and societies across different time periods and geographical locations.

Each of these disciplines offers unique perspectives and methodologies for analyzing and solving real-world problems. Sociology provides insights into how social structures and institutions affect individuals and groups, while psychology offers valuable insights into human cognition, emotions, and behaviors. Anthropology contributes a cross-cultural understanding that sheds light on the diversity of human experiences and practices. Together, these three applied social sciences play a crucial role in developing interventions, policies, and programs aimed at improving the well-being of individuals and communities.

Understanding the world we live in involves delving into various facets of human society. This is where Applied Social Sciences come into play. Essential to shaping and improving societal development, the Applied Social Sciences focus on three primary areas:


Firstly, let’s explore the subject of Anthropology. This field primarily deals with the study of human societies from a variety of perspectives. Anthropologists strive to comprehend the cultural, biological, and social aspects of human existence throughout history.

Let’s take the example of applied anthropology. Here, anthropological knowledge is applied for solving real-world problems. It might involve using anthropological research data to shape public policy or planning social services.

Sub-branches of Anthropology

In Anthropology, diverse branches like Cultural Anthropology, Biological Anthropology, Archaeological Anthropology, and Linguistic Anthropology provide additional perspectives. These branches delve deeper into specific areas of human existence, employing various strategies and tools to enhance understanding and assist in problem-solving.


Next comes Sociology, aimed at understanding and analyzing the structure and functioning of human society. Sociologists explore societal patterns and societal change, social interaction, and social behavior to build comprehensive models of society and social phenomena.

Applied sociology involves using sociological principles, concepts, and research methods to analyze and address critical social issues. This might include crime prevention, health, and public policy design among others.

Sub-branches of Sociology

Sociology includes several sub-branches such as Applied Sociology, Comparative Sociology, Criminology, and Demography. Each of these focus areas contributes to the broader understanding of human society, bringing valuable insights to address societal challenges and inequalities.


Lastly, we have Psychology, the science of mind and behavior. Psychologists investigate various aspects of human behavior, personalities, cognitive processes, emotional responses, social interactions, and more. The ultimate goal is to understand, predict, and potentially alter behavior and mental processes.

Applied psychology uses psychological theories, principles, and techniques to solve practical problems. It’s employed in areas such as mental health treatment, business management, education, product design, and other fields.

Sub-branches of Psychology

Psychology includes sub-branches such as Clinical Psychology, Cognitive Psychology, Industrial/Organizational Psychology, and Social Psychology, among others. Each sub-branch brings unique contributions towards a comprehensive understanding of human behavior and mental processes, which can then be used to solve practical issues.

In essence, Applied Social Sciences encapsulate various human-centric studies, pointing the way to societal advancement. By studying Anthropology, Sociology, and Psychology, we can understand the intricacies of human societies, thereby developing mechanisms to address social issues and improve human life.

The three different applied social sciences – sociology, psychology, and anthropology – each offer unique perspectives and methods for understanding human behavior and society. By studying these disciplines, researchers and practitioners can gain valuable insights that can be applied to address various social issues and improve the well-being of individuals and communities. The interdisciplinary nature of these fields allows for a comprehensive approach to analyzing and addressing complex social challenges.

Leave a Comment