What are the 9 applied social sciences?

Applied social sciences encompass a diverse range of disciplines that apply scientific principles to address societal issues. The nine key applied social sciences include sociology, psychology, anthropology, economics, political science, criminology, geography, social work, and communication studies. Each discipline offers unique insights into human behavior, societal structures, and interactions, allowing for a comprehensive understanding of social phenomena.

These applied social sciences play a crucial role in informing policymakers, businesses, and communities on how to address complex social challenges and promote positive change. Through empirical research, analysis, and real-world applications, professionals in these fields aim to improve the quality of life, enhance social justice, and foster a more inclusive and equitable society. The interdisciplinary nature of the applied social sciences enables a holistic approach to social issues, driving innovation and progress in various fields.

Understanding social sciences is pivotal for comprehending the complexities of society and its numerous interactions. Applied Social Sciences delve into specific areas of society, promoting a better understanding and potential solutions to societal issues. Here, we shall focus on nine applied social sciences, namely: Sociology, Anthropology, Psychology, Social Psychology, Economics, Political Science, Geography, Communication, and Education.


Sociology is an applied social science that analyses and interprets human behavior within societal contexts. It studies how societal forces shape our behaviors, attitudes, and actions. Through sociology, we can understand how society influences us, including our interactions with others, our views on morality, and our involvement in societal structures.


In Anthropology, cultures across different societies are studied in depth. Anthropologists seek to understand the cultural and biological aspects that influence human behavior. This understanding can lead to a greater appreciation of cultural diversity and shared humanity. It helps develop solutions to problems concerning cultural misunderstandings, human rights, and global health.


Psychology is the systemic study of human mind and behavior. This applied social science allows us to understand individual and group behavior, cognitive function, emotional responses, and personality traits. By drawing from this knowledge, practitioners can diagnose and treat a range of mental health conditions.

Social Psychology

A subset of psychology, Social Psychology is the scientific study of how individuals think, feel, and behave in social situations. It looks at how people’s behaviors, thoughts, and feelings influence and are influenced by others. Social psychologists use their insights to address pressing social issues such as conflict resolution, public health, and prejudice.


Economics examines how societies manage scarcity and utilize resources. Economists rely on mathematical tools to analyze how governments, corporations, and individuals make decisions about resource allocation. This discipline aids in crafting economic policies, enhancing business strategies, and delivering social services.

Political Science

Political Science is the study of structures, processes, and politics within and among nations. Political scientists use a mixture of scientific and humanistic approaches to analyze policies, political behavior, and government systems. Insights from political science can help in policy-making, governance, and public administration.


Geography, as an applied social science, covers the study of places, landscapes, environments, and the relationships between people and their environments. It provides critical insights into issues like climate change, urban development, and natural disasters. Geographic knowledge is essential for urban planning, environmental management, transportation, and tourism.


Communication focuses on how people use messages to generate meanings within and across various contexts, cultures, channels, and media. The study of communication is crucial in areas such as public relations, journalism, business marketing, intercultural communication, health communication, and political campaigning.


Education as an applied social science includes the study of how people learn and the practices that facilitate learning. It investigates teaching methods, educational programs, school environments, and educational policies. Insights from education research can lead to more effective teaching methods, improved learning environments, and better educational outcomes.

In conclusion, each of these nine applied social sciences provides unique insights into different aspects of human societies. They enhance our understanding of society and equip us with knowledge to address societal challenges and improve the quality of human life.

The 9 applied social sciences encompass a diverse range of disciplines that contribute to understanding and addressing societal issues. Each field offers unique perspectives and methodologies that help individuals, communities, and organizations navigate and improve social dynamics and systems. By engaging with these disciplines, we can collectively work towards creating positive and lasting social change.

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