What element has 35 protons?

Element with 35 protons is known as bromine, a non-metallic chemical element. It belongs to the halogen group on the periodic table, denoted by the symbol ‘Br’. Bromine is a reddish-brown liquid at room temperature, with a strong, unpleasant odor.

With its atomic number of 35, bromine plays a crucial role in various industrial and laboratory applications. Known for its volatile nature, bromine is commonly used in flame retardants, pharmaceuticals, and water purification processes. Its unique properties make it a versatile element in both scientific research and everyday products.

Have you ever wondered which element on the periodic table has 35 protons? If you have, you’re in luck! In this article, we will delve into the fascinating world of chemistry to unveil the answer to this intriguing question. So, without further ado, let’s dive in and explore the element with 35 protons.

The Element: Bromine (Br)

Bromineis the chemical element with atomic number 35 and symbol Br It is one of the halogens, a group of highly reactive elements that occupy the 17th column of the periodic table. Discovered by the French chemist Antoine-Jérôme Balard in 1826, bromine derives its name from the Greek word “bromos,” meaning stench, due to its pungent odor.

Bromine is a dense, reddish-brown liquid at room temperature, making it the only nonmetallic element to exist in liquid form under normal conditions. It belongs to the halogen family, which includes other elements such as fluorine (F) chlorine (Cl) iodine (I) and the radioactive astatine (At) But what makes bromine stand out from the rest?

Properties of Bromine

Bromine is an intriguing element with numerous unique properties that contribute to its varied applications. Let’s take a closer look at some of these properties:

1. Physical Properties:

– Bromine has a boiling point of 58.8°C (137.8°F) and a melting point of -7.2°C (19°F), making it a volatile liquid at room temperature.

– It is highly soluble in organic solvents, such as carbon tetrachloride and chloroform.

– Bromine’s density is around 3.12 grams per cubic centimeter, making it over three times denser than water.

2. Chemical Properties:

– Bromine is a powerful oxidizing agent, meaning it readily accepts electrons from other substances during chemical reactions.

– It reacts vigorously with various metals, such as sodium and potassium, forming ionic compounds.

Bromine water(a solution of bromine in water) is often used as a test reagent to detect the presence of unsaturated compounds.

3. Biological and Health Effects:

– Bromine compounds, such as potassium bromide were once widely used as sedatives but have been largely replaced by other medications.

– Exposure to high levels of bromine or its compounds may cause skin and eye irritation, respiratory problems, and other health issues.

– However, bromine is an essential trace element required by the human body in small amounts for metabolic processes.

Applications of Bromine

Bromine’s unique properties make it useful in a wide range of applications across various industries. Here are some notable applications:

1. Flame Retardants:

Brominated flame retardants derived from bromine compounds, are widely used in the manufacturing of textiles, plastics, and electronics to reduce the flammability of materials.

– They help enhance fire safety by slowing down the spread of flames and reducing smoke production.

2. Water Purification:

– Bromine-based compounds, such as bromine tablets are commonly used as disinfectants to purify water in swimming pools and hot tubs.

– These compounds effectively kill bacteria, viruses, and other microorganisms, ensuring safe and clean recreational water.

3. Pharmaceuticals:

– Bromine derivatives find applications in the pharmaceutical industry, particularly in the synthesis of medications for conditions like epilepsy and sedative drugs.

– They act as intermediates in the production of various active pharmaceutical ingredients (APIs).

4. Agriculture:

– Bromine-containing pesticides, such as methyl bromide were once widely used as soil fumigants to control pests and diseases in agriculture.

– However, their use has been significantly limited due to environmental concerns and the Montreal Protocol.

Bromine with its 35 protons, is a fascinating element that holds a vital place in chemistry and numerous industries. From its unique physical and chemical properties to its diverse range of applications, bromine continues to make significant contributions to various fields. Understanding the role and characteristics of elements like bromine allows us to unlock new possibilities in science and technology.

Next time you encounter the number 35 in relation to elements, you can proudly state that it corresponds to bromine

The element with 35 protons is bromine.

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